About Cairn Terriers

General Appearance
Agile, alert, of workmanlike, natural appearance. Standing well forward
on forepaws. Strong quarters. Deep in rib, very free in movement.
Weather-resistant coat. Should impress as being active, game and hardy.


Temperament
Fearless and gay disposition; assertive but not aggressive.


ong>Size
Approximately 28-31 cm (11-12 ins) at withers, but in proportion to
weight – ideally 6-7.5 kgs (14-16 lbs).


Coat and Colour
Very important. Weather-resistant. Must be double-coated, with
profuse, harsh, but not coarse, outer coat; undercoat short, soft and
close. Open coats objectionable. Slight wave permissible.
Colour-Cream, wheaten, red, grey or nearly black. Brindling in all these
colours acceptable. Not solid black, or white, or black and tan. Dark
points, such as ears and muzzle, very typical.


Head
Head small, but in proportion to body. Skull broad; a decided
indentation between the eyes with a definite stop. Muzzle powerful, jaw
strong but not long or heavy. Nose black. Head well furnished. Eyes
wide apart, medium in size, dark hazel. Slightly sunk with shaggy
eyebrows. Ears small, pointed, well carried and erect, not too closely set
nor heavily coated. Mouth large teeth. Jaws strong with perfect, regular
and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth
and set square to the jaws.


Neck
Well set on, not short.
Forequarters
Sloping shoulders, medium length of leg, good but not too heavy bone.
Forelegs never out at elbow. Legs covered with harsh hair.


Body
Back level, medium length. Well sprung deep ribs; strong supple loin.

Hindquarters
Very strong muscular thighs. Good, but not excessive, bend of stifle.
Hocks well let down inclining neither in nor out when viewed from the
rear. Feet forefeet larger than hind, may be slightly turned out. Pads thick
and strong. Thin, narrow or spreading feet and long nails objectionable.


Tail
Short, balanced, well furnished with hair but not feathery. Neither high
nor low set, carried gaily but not turned down towards back.


Gait
Very free-flowing stride. Forelegs reaching well forward. Hindlegs giving
strong propulsion. Hocks neither too close nor too wide.


Faults
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault
and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in
exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare
of the dog.


Note
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully
descended into the scrotum.